July 11


Thursday, July 11, 1776.

Sundry Letters were received and read, viz:

One of the 9th, from the Convention of New-Jersey;

One of the same date, from the Committee of Easton; three from Officers, (prisoners,) desiring leave to come to Philadelphia.

Resolved, That the Letter from the Convention of New-Jersey be referred to the Board of War, who are desired to report thereon as soon as possible.

Resolved, That Mr˙ T˙ Matlack be directed to deliver to Mr˙ C˙ Biddle, Deputy Quartermaster-General for the Flying-Camp, such of the Continental stores in his possession as may be necessary for said Flying-Camp.

The General having recommended the following gentlemen to be Officers of the two remaining Rifle Companies of Colonel Stevenson' s Battalion at New-York, viz: Philemon Griffith Captain, Thomas Hussey Lucket First Lieutenant, Adamson Tannehill Second Lieutenant, Henry Hardman Third Lieutenant; Richard Davis Captain, Daniel Cressop First Lieutenant, Nieman Tannehill Second Lieutenant, Henry Hardman Third Lieutenant:

Resolved, That they be accepted, and Commissions granted to them accordingly.

Resolved, That an Order for 213 Dollars and one-third be drawn on the Treasurers, in favour of the Delegates for Maryland, to defray the expenses of transporting Powder to Maryland, they to be accountable.

Three Petitions, one from Major Melchior, one from John Doyle>, and one from Benjamin Flower, were presented to Congress, and read.

Resolved, That they be referred to the Board of War.

A Petition from John Cox was presented to Congress, and read.

Whereupon, Resolved, That the Secret Committee be directed to sell Mr˙ Cox half a ton of Powder, for the use of the private vessel of war by him fitted out.

A Petition from Cox, Ferman; and others, was presented to Congress, and read, together with a Memorial from the Committee of Inspection and Observation for the City and Liberties of Philadelphia, recommending their case to the notice of Congress.

Whereupon, Resolved, That the Petitioners have leave to dispose of the goods mentioned in their Petition.

A Letter of the 10th, from General Washington, and five Letters, of the 5th and 6th, from Governour Trumbull, were laid before Congress, and read.

The Board of War, to whom the Letter from the Convention of New-Jersey was referred, brought in a Report, which was taken into consideration. Whereupon,

Resolved, That a Letter be written to the Convention of New-Jersey, informing them, that as they have not enclosed to Congress copies of General Washington' s and Brigadier-General Livingston' s Letters, no judgment can be formed by Congress concerning the contents of them, until copies are sent; that measures are taking in Pennsylvania and Maryland for forming the Flying-Camp; that, in the mean while, the associated Militia are marching, in great numbers, from Pennsylvania, for the defence of New-Jersey; that ammunition has been, and will be, supplied by this Congress, for the defence of New-Jersey; that, with regard to the pay of the Militia, Congress will observe the same rule of conduct towards New-Jersey as towards other Colonies.

The Congress resumed the consideration of the Report from the Standing Committee for IndianAffairs, and thereupon came to the following Resolutions:

The Congress are so fully persuaded of the necessity of protecting the frontiers of New-York from the incursions of the enemy, that they recommend that business to General Schuyler' s immediate attention, and direct that if the situation of affairs will admit of it, he take proper steps for erecting a Fort at Oswego, and building Galleys on Lake Ontario, and pursue such other measures as may be best fitted to answer the views of Congress.

That Posts be taken and Forts erected at Presque Isle, Le Beuf, and Kiftaning, and a Battalion be raised to erect and garrison the same.

That the Commissioners of Indian Affairs in the Middle Department be directed to inquire what Naval force on Lake Erie will be necessary to secure to the United States


the command of the navigation of that Lake, and report the result of their inquiry as soon as possible to Congress.

That it be notified to the Convention of Virginia that the Congress are willing to take into Continental possession the Forts at the mouths of Wheeling and the Great Kanhaway, and the Fort at Pittsburgh, now in possession of that Colony; and also to receive, on the Continental Establishment, the Garrisons in these Forts, If the said Convention shall desire it.

The Marine Committee reported that, in pursuance of the order of Congress, they have called before them divers of the inferior officers belonging to the ships Alfred and Columbus, and having heard their complaints against the Captains, Salfonstal and Whipple, in their presence, are of Opinion that the charge against Captain Saltonstal does not appear to the Committee to be well-founded, and that the charge against Captain Whipple amounts to nothing more than a rough, indelicate mode of behaviour to his Marine officers:

Whereupon, Resolved, That the Marine Committee be directed to order the Captains, Saltonstal and Whipple, to repair to their respective commands; and that it be recommended to Captain Whipple to cultivate harmony with his officers.

Doctor Franklin, one of the Commissioners to Canada, laid before Congress an account of his expenditures.

Resolved, That the same be referred to the Board of Treasury.

The President acquainted Congress that last evening information was given to him of a conspiracy or plot carrying on for liberating the Prisoners in the Jail of Philadelphia, and other evil designs;

Whereupon, Resolved, That a Committee of five be appointed, and that they, together with the President, be directed to make strict inquiry into the truth of the matter; and, if they find the information well grounded, to take such steps as they shall judge prudent and effectual for defeating the machinations of the conspirators; and, in case of necessity, to call upon the Brigadier-General, or Commanding Officer of the Associators, for the aid of the Military.

The Members chosen, Mr˙ Jefferson, Mr˙ Stockton, Mr˙ Gwinnett, Mr˙ Morris, and Mr˙ Wilson.

A Letter from Mr˙ Mease was laid before Congress and read.

Resolved, That an Order for 40˙000 Dollars be drawn on the Treasurers, in favour of Mr˙ Mease, to enable him to advance a month' s Pay to the Military Associators of Pennsylvania, ordered into New-Jersey, and to those who engage to form the Flying-Camp; he to be accountable.

The Committee of Claims reported, that there is due —

To Thomas Amor, for boarding General Lee' s Guard the sum of 34 22-90 Dollars:

To Colonel Nelson, for expenses of an Express, the sum of 4 84-90 Dollars:

To Casper Miller, for Provisions, &c˙, for General Lee' s Guard, the sum of 33 27-90 Dollars:

To Thomas Dundas, for Rifles supplied Colonel Irwine' s Battalion, the sum of 313 78-90 Dollars, and that the same ought to be charged to said Battalion:

To Joseph Hewes, Esq˙, for expenses paid for the carriage, guard, &c˙, of Gunpowder to North-Carolina, the sum of 660 34-90 Dollars:

To Timothy Matlack, on account, 200 Dollars:

To William Trickett, for Stationery, the sum of 204 51-90 Dollars;

Ordered, That the said Accounts be paid.

The Committee, to whom the Letter from John Macpherson, of the 31st of May, was referred, reported, that they have examined Mr˙ Macpherson respecting the contents of his Letter, who alleged, that he had a promise of being appointed Commander-In-Chief of the American Navy, by Messrs˙ Randolph, Hopkins, and J˙ Rutledge, a Committee of Congress to whom he communicated an important secret, but that he produced no evidence in support of such allegation; that they inquired of Mr˙ Hopkins about this promise, in the presence of Mr˙ Macpherson, and that Mr˙ Hopkins declared he recollected nothing of the kind:

Whereupon, Resolved, That the application and request of Mr˙ Macpherson is unreasonable.

Adjourned to nine o' clock, to-morrow.