May 21, Petition of William Preston, commander of the Militia, in Fincastle County, in the Indian war of 1774, Indian Warriors of the neighbouring Tribes, not exceeding two hundred, to be engaged in the service of the country, John Gibson requested to .negotiate with the Ohio or Western Indians, and inform them of the friendly sentiments of this country towards them, Petitions of the Inhabitants of Pendleton District, situate to the westward of Fincastle County: They have formed themselves into a society, and chosen a Committee to superintend their publick affairs, and request they may be incorporated into, and deemed part of the Colony of Virginia

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Tuesday, May 21, 1776.

The Convention being informed that Gabriel Penn, Esq˙, who is returned a Delegate for the County of Amherst, at present holds the office of Deputy Sheriff of the said County, and is thereby rendered incapable of sitting and voting in this Convention:

Ordered, That the said information be referred to the Committee of Privileges and Elections, and that they inquire into the truth thereof, and report the same, together with their opinion thereupon, to the Convention.

A Petition of William Preston was presented to the Convention, and read; setting forth, that having the command of the Militia in the County of Fincastle, he received orders from Lord Dunmore, the 24th of May, 1774, to imbody the Militia of said County, and take every possible measure for the defence of the inhabitants, as a war with the Indians at that time seemed unavoidable; that, during the course of the summer, he not only received orders to send out the Militia on the frontiers, but to raise a number of men to send on an expedition against the Shawanese, which orders he executed with the greatest punctuality, and in the execution thereof employed his whole time and attention, from the 24th May to the 7th of November following, when he discharged the men upon duty on the frontiers; and praying such reasonable compensation for his trouble and services as they shall be found to deserve.

Ordered, That the said Petition be referred to the Committee of Publick Claims, and that they report the same, together with their opinion thereupon, to the Convention.

The Convention then, according to the Order of the Day, resolved itself into a Committee on the state of the Colony, and after some time spent therein, Mr˙ President resumed the chair, and Mr˙ Cary reported, that the Committee had, according to order, had under their consideration the state of the Colony, and had come to the following Resolutions thereupon; which he read in his place, and afterwards delivered in at the Clerk' s table, where the same were again twice read, and agreed to:

Resolved, That such Indian Warriors of the neighbouring tribes as are willing be engaged in the service of this country, provided the number so to be engaged doth not exceed two hundred, to be marched down to the assistance of the Regular forces on the Eastern quarter.

Resolved, That John Gibson, Esq˙, be desired to negotiate with the Ohio or Western Indians, and inform them of the friendly sentiments of this country towards them, and of the purport of the foregoing Resolution for calling in their assistance, and that the same is warranted and directed by the Resolution of the General Congress of the 1st day of July last.

Resolved, That the neighbouring friendly Indians on the Ohio be assured that if any encroachments have been made by the people of this country upon their lands, beyond the boundary established by the Treaty held at Fort Stanwvix, they have been without our concurrence, and shall be removed.

Resolved, That one hundred men, under the command of proper officers, be forthwith raised in the County of Fincastle, and so disposed or stationed, by the Committee of said County, as may best secure the inhabitants from the hostile attempts of the Indians.

Resolved, That one hundred and fifty men, under the command of proper officers, be forthwith raised in Augusta and Botetourt Counties, and that one hundred of such men be stationed at the mouth of the Great Kanawha, to augment the garrison already there, and fifty at the mouth of Wheeling, the whole of which to be under the command of a Major.

Resolved, That the Militias of all the frontier Counties ought to be got in readiness for action, without loss of time, and, for this purpose, the several Militia Officers ought to use their utmost exertions in their several departments, as there is too much reason to apprehend the wicked attempts of our enemies to excite an Indian war may involve us in calamities inseparable therefrom.

Resolved, That the foregoing Resolutions be transmitted to our Delegates in Congress, and to the Commanding Officers of the Militia of the Counties of Fincastle, Botetourt, Augusta, West-Augusta, Dunmore, Hampshire, Frederick, Berkeley, Pittsylvania, and Loudoun.

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On a motion made, Ordered, That Mr˙ Starke, Mr˙ Johnson, Mr˙ Henry, Mr˙ Blair, Mr˙ Gilmer, Mr˙ Randolph, and Mr˙ Travis, be a Committee to inquire for a proper Hospital for the reception and accommodation of the sick and wounded Soldiers.

Ordered, That all Petitions and Propositions, referred from the last to the present Convention, be referred to the Committee of Propositions and Grievances, and that they are to report the same, together with their opinion thereupon, to the Convention.

Mr˙ Richard Lee, from the Committee of Publick Claims, reported that the Committee had, according to order, had under their consideration several Petitions to them referred, and had come to the following Resolutions thereupon; which he read in his place, and afterwards delivered in at the Clerk' s table, where the same were again twice read, and agreed to.

Resolved, That the Petition of George Wray, John Jones, Alexander and George Graham, and Henry Sinclair, praying to be allowed for several Vessels furnished by them to stop the Channel of Hampton River, in order to prevent the attacks of the enemy, is reasonable, and that the value of the said Vessels ought to be paid the Petitioners by the publick.

Resolved, That the said George Wray, one of the said Petitioners, ought to be allowed the sum of £240 5s˙, the value of the Vessel furnished by him.

Resolved, That the Petition of William Chapman and George Slaughter, who, as Captains, commanded two Companies of Militia which were drafted and ordered out upon the Indian expedition, praying to be allowed further pay, other than was allowed them by the Commissioners appointed to settle the accounts relative to that expedition, be rejected.

Resolved, That the Petition of Matthew Wilson, an Ensign of Militia in the late Indian expedition, praying a further allowance of pay, be rejected.

A Petition of Edward Hansford, in behalf of his daughter Elizabeth Hansford, was presented to the Convention, and read; setting forth, that the said Elizabeth, at the time of burning the remains of Norfolk Town, was seized in fee simple of a good dwelling-house and about four lots of land, in Duke Street, in the said Town of Norfolk, which house was valued at £150; that she had also the misfortune, to have sundry goods, to the amount of £32 5s˙, destroyed therewith, and hath only received the sum of £10 in part of the said valuation, paid by order of the Committee of Safety; that he also was assisted by two wagons employed in the service of this Colony, three days and a half, at 15s˙ per day, and one wagon two days and a half, at the same rate, which, together with three days' provision for nine in family, amounts, in the whole, including the £10 aforesaid, to £17 19s˙ 4 1/2d˙, leaving a balance of £132 0s˙ due to the said Elizabeth; that being about to remove to the interior parts of the country, she prays the said balance may, by direction of this Convention, be paid to her.

Ordered, That the said Petition be referred to the Committee of Propositions and Grievances, and they are to report the same, together with their opinion thereupon, to the Convention.

Two Petitions of the Inhabitants of Pendleton District, situate to the westward of Fincastle County, together with the Proceedings of the Committee of the said County thereupon, were presented to the Convention, and read; setting forth that, being deeply impressed with a sense of the tyrannical and oppressive measures carried on by the British Ministry, and also of the necessity of a noble and spirited resistance, they think it unnatural that they, though few, should remain inactive while their brethren are bleeding in the field; that their local situation hath hitherto deprived them of the blessing of being under the immediate direction of any regular judicature, by means whereof they could contribute their mite in support of the glorious cause; that they have now formed themselves into a Society, and chosen a Committee to superintend their publick affairs; that John Carter and Robert Lucas, two gentlemen of the neighbouring settlement, called Washington District, taking advantage of the present disorders, pretend they have purchased the lands of the Petitioners, and have exercised many unwarrantable oppressions, in seizing their improved possessions without allowing

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them any reward, or giving them the least notice, and publickly declaring that all others who will not accede to their terms, and receive titles of them, at such exorbitant prices as they shall think proper to exact, shall be turned out of possession; that, though settled in a remote part of the country, they beg they may not be considered as alienated from their American brethren, but be incorporated into, and deemed part of the Colony of Virginia, whose protection they claim, and whose direction and jurisdiction they acknowledge in the fullest extent.

Ordered, That the said Petition be referred to the Committee on the state of the Colony.

Resolved, That this Convention will to-morrow again resolve itself into a Committee, to take into their further consideration the state of the Colony.

Ordered, That Mr˙ Lockhart, Mr˙ Campbell, Mr˙ Field, Mr˙ Gee, and Mr˙ Fulgham, be added to the Committee of Publick Claims; Mr˙ William Digges and Mr˙ Campbell to the Committee of Propositions and Grievances; and Mr˙ Bowyer to the Committee appointed to prepare a Declaration of Rights, and such a plan of Government as will be most likely to maintain peace and order in this Colony, and secure substantial and equal liberty to the people.

Adjourned till to-morrow, ten o' clock.