Extract of a Letter received in London from a Field Officer in the King' s Army at New-York



The troops under General Lord Cornwallis, after driving the Rebels from Fort Lee, or Fort Constitution, in New-Jersey, proceeded from Hackinsack to Newark, and from Newark to Elizabethtown, where they found great quantities of stores, amongst which are twenty tons of musket bullets. The Rebels continue flying before our Army. Lord Cornwallis took the fort opposite Brunswick, plunged into Raritan river, and seized the town. Mr˙ Washington had orders from the Congress to rally and defend that post, but he sent them word he could not. He was seen retreating with two brigades to Trenton, where they talk of resisting; but such a panick has seized the Rebels, that no part of the Jerseys will hold them, and I doubt whether Philadelphia itself will stop their career. The Congress have lost their authority. They ordered all the Militia of Pennsylvania to be drawn out; they refused to march. Their second order was for two companies of every regiment to be imbodied, and to repair to Washington, but they refused also. The Congress consists now of only seven members at Philadelphia, and they are in such consternation that they know not what to do. The two Adamses are in New-England; Franklin gone to France; Lynch has lost his senses; Rutledge is gone home disgusted; Dana is persecuting at Albany; and Jay' s in the County playing as bad a part; so that the fools have lost the assistance of the knaves. However, should they embrace the enclosed proclamation, they may yet escape the halter, which I hear it is this night expected will be thecase of many repenting sinners; and in Connecticut in particular, where they are much divided. Honest David Matthews, the Mayor, has made his escape from them, and arrived here this day. He was conducted


by the Church of England people; they faithfully concealed him, although seven hundred dollars were offered by an advertisement which some poor man showed him. They conveyed him safely. All the Militia in Connecticut had been ordered out by Trumbull, the Governour, but they would not assemble, and he' s at his wit' s end. The fleet under Sir Peter Parker, consisting of twenty-three men-of-war, sailed from Sandy-Hook yesterday; and transports, with the troops and some frigates, passed Hell-Gate, and proceeded up the Sound this morning for Rhode-Island, where Lord High Admiral Hopkins and his Navy are supposed to be riding. Most of the inhabitants have quitted the island; and Mr˙ Matthews informs us that mobs began to rise in the country, crying out for peace. The paper currency of the Congress has lost its credit, and sells at thirty silver dollars the hundred. Salt is eight dollars the bushel in New-England, and not easily to be had at any rate. General Howe joins the Army to-morrow morning in the Jerseys, whither I shall accompany him. An exchange of prisoners, man for man, has taken place, and some of the Seventh and Twenty-Sixth Regiments arrived this day from Philadelphia. The Rebels have seized many Tories, and expected they would be exchanged too, but General Howe will not; because, if he should seize the Whigs for that purpose, it would occasion great disorder, and protract the disputes. The city fails daily, &c˙, &c.