The consideration of the report of the Committee who were sent to visit the Forts Montgomery and Constitution, resumed, and the resolutions agreed to


Die Sabbati, 4 ho˙ P˙ M˙, September 7, 1776.

The Convention met pursuant to adjournment.

Present: Abraham Yates, Jun˙, Esq˙, President.

NEW-YORK˙ — Mr˙ Robert Harper, Mr˙ Duane, Mr˙ Jay.

WESTCHESTER˙ — Colonel Drake, Major Lockwood, Mr˙ Haviland.

ALBANY˙ — Mr˙ Abraham Yates, General Ten Broeck, Colonel P˙ Livingston, Mr˙ Adgate, Colonel Renselaer, Mr˙ Cuyler, M r˙ John Ten Broeck.

TRYON˙ — Mr˙ William Harper, Mr˙ Moore, Mr˙ Veder.

ULSTER˙ — Colonel De Witt.

ORANGE˙ — Mr˙ Wisner, Colonel Allison, Mr˙ Joseph Smith.

CHARLOTTE˙ — Mr˙ Webster, Colonel Williams, Mr˙ Duer.

DUTCHESS˙ — Mr˙ Robert R˙ Livingston, Mr˙ Gilbert Livingston, Mr˙ Plait, Dr˙ Crane, Mr˙ Schenck.

CUMBERLAND˙ — Mr˙ Stevens, Mr˙ Sessions.

The Convention resumed the consideration of the Report of the Committee who were sent to visit the Forts Montgomery and Constitution; and after some time spent thereon, and the completing of the Resolutions, designed for reinforcing the Garrisons at those Fortifications, with the preambles thereto, and the appointment of the Officers to command such reinforcements, the same being finally read and agreed to, are in the words following, to wit:

The Committee appointed the 2d instant, to visit and examine into the state of Forts Montgomery and Constitution, in the Highlands, laid before the Convention returns from different Officers at those Fortresses, showing the condition and wants of the respective Garrisons, from which, and the Reports of the Committee, among other things it appears that there are at present no more troops in the Highlands than seven hundred and sixty-four, whereof three hundred and ninety-eight are at Fort Montgomery, and two hundred and sixteen at Fort Constitution. The troops consist of Militia of the State, excepting five Companies of the Second New-York Continental Battalion. That to render Fort Constitution tenable, the West-Point, which commands it, ought to be fortified. That considerable progress is made in fortifying an advantageous eminence on the western shore, a little to the south of Fort Montgomery, and within the reach of cannon, but it is still incomplete. That the remaining part of the said troops, being one hundred and fifty, is employed in erecting works on the east side of the river, about three miles below Fort Montgomery, at a place called Red-Hook, near Peekskill, which are well calculated to prevent the enemies landing on that side, and becoming masters of the Highlands opposite to Fort Montgomery. That Brigadier-General James Clinton, commanding at the said Fortresses, informed the Committee that, exclusive of the post at Red-Hook, an augmentation of one thousand men was requisite for completing and defending the Fortresses under his directions, and earnestly requested that this Convention would immediately


procure such reinforcement, as well as the several articles of ammunition, stores, and necessaries, hereafter specified, of which he stood in the utmost need.

This Convention having duly considered the said representation and requisition, and well knowing how much the safety of this State, as well as the success of the united efforts of this oppressed Continent in the defence of our common liberties, must depend on maintaining the possession of Hudson' s River, and guarding it against the invasion which is to be apprehended from the enemy; considering, at the same time, the little probability that it can at present be in the power of his Excellency General Washington to detach for this service any of the army which is employed in opposing the progress of the enemy in the southern part of this State; the Convention must again have recourse to the good people of this State, not doubting but that, inspired by a virtuous love for their country, they will, on an occasion so pressing, and at a period when their lives, their liberties, and every temporal blessing, are in imminent danger, stand forth with zeal and alacrity in the greatest and best of causes:

Therefore Resolved, That six hundred men be, with all possible despatch, detached from the Militia of this State, and sent to the Forts Montgomery and Constitution, as a reinforcement to those garrisons.

That one hundred and fifty men from that part of the County of Albany which is within and to the southward of the Manor of Renselaerwyck, including the City of Albany, one hundred and seventy-five men from the County of Dutchess, two hundred men from the County of Ulster, and seventy-five men from that part of the County of Orange which lies above the Mountains, all exclusive of commissioned officers, be immediately detached by ballot, and marched to augment the Garrisons at Forts Montgomery and Constitution.

Resolved, That the above reinforcement continue in service two months after their arrival at the said Fortresses, and that this Convention will discharge them sooner in case sufficient garrisons of Continental Troops shall be ordered to, and arrive at, those Forts before the expiration of the said two months; and that the Militia so drafted shall be entitled to the same pay and rations as are allowed to the Continental Troops.

Resolved, That the above Levies be formed into Companies, in the following manner, to wit: Those from the County of Ulster into three Companies, and those from Albany and Dutchess respectively into two Companies each, and those from the County of Orange into one Company, and that each Company have one Captain, two Lieutenants, four Sergeants, four Corporals, one Drummer, and one Fifer.

That the said reinforcement shall be formed into one Battalion, to be commanded by a Colonel, Lieutenant-Colonel, and Major, to be appointed by this Convention; that a Surgeon, Adjutant, and Quartermaster, shall be appointed for the said Battalion, the first by the Convention, and the two last by the Colonel. That the Captains and Subalterns be appointed by the Field Officers of the Regiments in each respective County from which the quotas are to be raised, out of the Militia Officers, having regard to their rank and the dates of their commissions, if a sufficient number of such are willing to serve; if not, that they shall be at liberty to appoint such others as they shall think properly qualified; and that the Non-commissioned Officers be appointed by the Captain of each Company under whom they are to serve.

Resolved, That each Non-commissioned Officer and Private shall provide himself with a good Musket or Firelock, Bayonet or Tomahawk, a Blanket and Knapsack, and every six men with a Pot or Camp-kettle; and that one penny per mile be allowed to each Non-commissioned Officer and Private during their march, for subsistence-money, and one day' s pay for every twenty miles between their respective homes and rendezvous, going and returning.

And to the intent that the Levies so raised may not be unfurnished with Arms, the Committees in the different Townships and Districts in the said Counties, and the Colonels of the respective Regiments, are hereby authorized and empowered to furnish all such as have not Arms, by taking them from those who are not drafted and such other persons in the Districts as have Arms, the same being valued


by the Committee of each District, the amount of such valuation hereafter to be paid to the proprietors of the said Arms by this Convention, or the Arms restored in the same order to their former proprietors.

Resolved, That Colonel Johannes Snyder, of Ulster County be and is hereby appointed Colonel, Lieutenant-Colonel John Bailey, Jun˙, of Dutchess County, to be Lieutenant-Colonel, of the Levies, now ordered to be detached from the Counties of Albany, Ulster, Dutchess, and Orange, and that a Commission be sent blank to the Committee of Albany, for a Major for the said Levies, to be offered first to the eldest Major of the Militia in the County of Albany, and in case of his refusal, to the next eldest in succession until it is accepted.

Resolved, That new Commissions issue for the Officers of those detachments, and that the Field Officers be by those Commissions appointed to that command, in addition to their former commands in the Militia of their respective Counties.

Resolved, That 50 Spades, 50 Wood-axes, 50 Pick-axes, 24 Shovels, 25 Bill-hooks, 200 weight of Lead, 1000 weight Langrage, 1000 round and bar Shot for nine-pounders, 50 sets of cast-iron Carriage-Wheels for cannon, 1000 weight of Nails for building barracks, 1000 rounds of six-pound Ball and Grape-Shot, three sets of men' s Harness for drawing cannon, 30 pounds of Twine, 12 pounds of Thread for cartridges, and one Armourer with the tools of his business, be immediately procured and forwarded to Fort Montgomery. And that John Schenck be appointed an Agent for that purpose, with authority to draw on the Treasurer for a sum not exceeding twenty-five hundred Dollars, for which he shall keep and render an exact account.

Ordered, That the Treasurer of this State pay to John Schenck, as Agent for furnishing the Forts Constitution and Montgomerie with the articles directed by this Convention, any sum for which he may apply not exceeding twenty-five hundred Dollars, for which Mr˙ Schenck is to keep and render account.

The subject of granting a Bounty to the detachments of Militia ordered by the aforegoing Resolutions, was reassumed. After a short time spent therein, the further consideration thereof was postponed till next week.

The following Preamble was read and agreed to, to introduce the copies of the aforegoing Resolutions, which shall be sent to the Commanding Officers of the Militia in the Counties from whence the Militia are ordered to be detached, viz:

"The Committee appointed to visit and examine into the state of the Fortresses in the Highlands, report, among other things, that an immediate reinforcement is necessary and earnestly requested by General Clinton, the commanding officer."

Ordered, That the Secretaries prefix this Preamble to the copies to be sent to the Officers of the Militia in the Counties, instead of the other long introduction.

Ordered, That a copy of the said Resolutions be immediately prepared and despatched to the Delegates of this State at Congress, and that Mr˙ Robert R˙ Livingston prepare a draft of a Letter to the Delegates of this State at Congress, to accompany the said Resolutions.